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Constantin BRANCUSI

Constantin BRANCUSI

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Of Romanian descent, Brancusi is called the patriarch of modern sculpture, after making his career in France.
Constantin BRANCUSI (1876-1957). As a child, he displays a talent for woodwork and at 18, builds a violin from packaging materials. A number of scholarships and prizes allow him to take formal studies, in Bucharest, Munich, and finally at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He starts exhibiting in Paris in 1906 and participates with the Fauve in the Salon díAutomne. He works as Rodinís assistant before working in his own studio. Part of the Montmartre scene, Brancusi keeps company with fellow artists such as Duchamp, Rousseau, Matisse, Leger, Modigliani and Picasso. His reputation is propelled abroad, and his works are acclaimed by famous art critics such as Guillaume Apollinaire and Roger Fry. A first retrospective of his works is shown in 1955, at the Guggenheim in New York. His art emphasizes clean geometrical lines that balance forms inherent in his materials with the symbolic allusions of representational art. Famous Brancusi works include the Sleeping Muse (1908), The Kiss (1908), Prometheus (1911), Bird in Space (1923) and the Column of the Infinite (1938).